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ひろしま戦前の風景 7.昭和産業博覧会 子供の国(D9002)
[7]Showa Industrial Exposition: Kodomo no Kuni

昭和4年(1929年)撮影:橘高寿人氏 中区基町

広島市主催の昭和産業博覧会第一会場(西練兵場:現在の紙屋町交差点北側一帯)には、様々な産業を展示した本館の他、満蒙館、樺太参考館、朝鮮館、台湾館、北海道館など、個性的なパビリオンも設けられていた。参考資料によると、前半映像にある朝鮮館は、「純朝鮮式宮殿作りの建物で艶麗優美な色彩」で、建物は「本館、即売場、食堂、来賓室」に分かれ、「即売場はあたかも朝鮮市場に入るの感あり、食堂では、朝鮮米、朝鮮料理を主要献立として、客を引いた」とある。後半映像は、第一会場西側の「子供の国」に設置された別途有料の遊戯施設、飛行塔とサークリングである。飛行塔は「高さ五丈の鉄塔に六人の利の模型飛行機四台を吊し、動力によって、これを旋回しつつ上昇、下降せしめると共に、プロペラーも回転せしめて、あたかも、実物飛行機に搭乗したと同様の感じ」で、「有料にも拘らず、何時も乗客満員という大人気」であり、「直径十五尺の円形座席で、定員約七十名を搭乗せしめ得る大サークリングもまた人気物の一つ」であった。
参考資料:「広島市主催昭和産業博覧会誌」 広島市役所1930年
Filmed 1929 by Yasuto Kittaka
Moto-machi, Naka Ward
Venue 1 (Western Drill Ground, an area to the north of today’s Kamiya-cho intersection) of the Showa Industrial Exposition hosted by Hiroshima City had a main hall showing exhibits related to various industries, in addition to diverse themed pavilions, such as Hokkaido Pavilion, Taiwan Pavilion, Korea Pavilion, Karafuto Sanko (lit. Sakhalin Information) Pavilion, and Manmo (lit. Manchuria-Mongolia) Pavilion. According to a contemporary account, the Korea Pavilion, which appears in the first half of the footage, was “a fascinating, elegantly colored building in the style of authentic Korean palace architecture” comprising a main hall, shop, restaurant, and VIP room. “The shop had the atmosphere of a real Korean market, and the restaurant attracted diners with a menu featuring Korean rice and Korean cuisine,” the account says. The second half of the footage shows “Airplane Tower” and “Circling Wave,” two amusement rides charging separate fees, installed at Kodomo no Kuni (lit. Children’s Land) laid out to the west of Venue 1. The airplane ride comprised “four model airplanes, each capable of carrying six people, suspended from a 5-jo high steel tower, powered to not only rotate but also ascend and descend.” “The propellers of the airplanes also rotated, creating the sensation of riding a real airplane.” “The gigantic rotating ride Circling Wave, measuring 15 shaku in diameter, with a seating capacity of 70, was also a popular feature,” according to a contemporary record. “Although requiring the purchase of separate ride tickets, the rides were so popular they were constantly full.”
Reference: Hiroshima City Hall, Hiroshima-shi Shusai Showa Sangyo Hakurankai-shi [Record of the Showa Industrial Exposition Hosted by Hiroshima City] (1930)

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