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ひろしま戦前の風景 64.比治山御便殿ほか
[64]Gobinden at Hijiyama and Other Scenes

昭和初期 撮影:中野代吉氏 広島市南区比治山公園ほか

広島市を見渡せる小高い比治山にあった御便殿は、日清戦争時に西練兵場(現広島市中区基町周辺)に設けられた明治天皇の休憩所を移設したもので、広島城内の大本営跡とともに広島の観光名所の一つであった。
映像にある瓦葺の大きな屋根は風雨を防ぐ覆いの建物で、御便殿はその中にあり、明治天皇の御真影、椅子や敷物などが収められていた。周囲には神馬の銅像や大鳥居、石灯籠などがあった。御便殿は原爆で倒壊、現在は石灯籠だけが場所を移転して残り、広場として整備されている。
映像には、撮影者の住まいがあった鍛冶屋町(現中区本川町)、かごめかごめや羽根つきをする親族の子どもたち、御便殿、広島東照宮、鶴羽根神社がある。晴れ着や遊びなどから撮影は正月ごろではないかと思われる。
参考資料: 「大正時代の広島」広島市郷土資料館 2007年
Filmed in the early Showa era by Daikichi Nakano
Hijiyama Park, Minami Ward, Hiroshima City, and other locations
Gobinden was a building on Hijiyama, a small hill with a panoramic view of Hiroshima City. It was a rest house built for Emperor Meiji originally on the Western Drill Ground (area near today’s Moto-machi, Naka Ward) during the First Sino-Japanese War. The building was later moved to Hijiyama, where it became a local tourist attraction rivaling the former Imperial Headquarters at Hiroshima Castle. The large tiled roof in the footage belonged to a structure built over the Gobinden to protect it from the elements. Gobinden itself contained photographs of the emperor, and items such as chairs and rugs. In front of the Gobinden was a large torii gate, a bronze statue representing a sacred horse, and stone lanterns. Gobinden was destroyed by the atomic bomb, and the surviving pair of stone lanterns were moved elsewhere. The site was cleared to become the large open space that it is today. The footage records the neighborhood of Kajiya-cho (today’s Honkawa-cho, Naka Ward) where the recorder used to live. It shows children of relatives playing traditional Japanese games, and scenes filmed at Gobinden, Hiroshima Toshogu Shrine, and Tsuruhane Shrine. The children appear to be dressed up for New Year’s, and the types of games played by the children also indicate that the footage was filmed around New Year’s.
Reference: Hiroshima City Museum of History and Traditional Crafts, Taisho Jidai no Hiroshima [Hiroshima in the Taisho Era] (2007)

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